Vol. 26, No. 2 - Key Terms

The following articles contain
information that might be overly technical for patients, so we’ve defined the following key terms:

Human Genome: the entire set of human genes

Candidate genes: genes considered to be possible source for identifying genetic connections with a given disease

Single nucleic polymorphisms (SNPs): minor changes in a gene, also known as genetic variation

Cytokines: regulatory proteins released by immune cells, they also act to calm local inflammatory reactions

Lympangiogenesis: the formation or growth of a lymphatic vessel (angiogenesis refers to the formation of new blood vessels)

Odds ratios (OR): the probability of having a certain disease in relation to a certain condition (a statistical calculation)

Allele: an alternative form of a gene, usually the result of a mutation

Epigenetic: independent changes in gene expression